• Alberta 2007-2008 Regional Health Authority Global Funding: Methodology and Funding Manual, Alberta Health & Wellness
  • 2007-2017 Alberta Immunization Strategy, Alberta Health & Wellness
  • Alberta Government Services Vital Statistics
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  • Alberta High School Student Outcomes, Completion Rates, July 2007, Alberta Education website Canadian Addictions Survey 2004 – Alberta Report, Alberta Alcohol and Drug Abuse Commission (AADAC), 2006
  • Children & Youth Services, Business Plan 2008-2011, Ministry of Children & Youth, 2008
  • First Nations, Métis and Inuit Education Policy Framework, Alberta Education
  • Self-Reported Body Mass Index and its correlates in Alberta: A portrait from survey and administrative sources, Alberta Health & Wellness, 2005
  • Student Outcomes Measures – Based on the Grade 10 Cohort, Alberta Education, April 2006
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  • TB Control, Alberta Health & Wellness

Assembly of First Nations

• Results for Adults, Youth and Children Living in First Nations Communities, First Nations Regional Longitudinal Health Survey (RHS) 2002-2003
• The First Nations Regional Longitudinal Health Survey (RHS): An Overview of Process & Results, Presentation, 2006

British Columbia

• Aboriginal Report – 2005/06 How Are we Doing? – Province – Public Schools Only, 2006, Knowledge Management Department, Ministry of Education

Canadian Institute for Health Information (CIHI)

• Canadian Institute for Health Information (CIHI) “Applying a Population Health Perspective to Health Planning and Decision Making”, June 2008
• Improving the Health of Canadians, Revised September 2004 Health Canada
• 2006 External Environmental Scan
• 2006-2007 Health Protection Report, First Nations and Inuit Health (Alberta)
• Aboriginal Head Start On-Reserve (AHSOR), Alberta Regional Progress Report 2005-2006, First Nations and Inuit Health
• A Statistical Profile on the Health of First Nations in Canada (for the year 2000), 2003
• A Statistical Profile on the Health of First Nations in Canada: Determinants of Health, 1999 to 2003, Health Canada, 2009
• Canadian Addictions Survey: A National Survey of Canadians’ Use of Alcohol and Other Drugs, Health Canada, 2005
• Canadian Addictions Survey: A National Survey of Canadians’ Use of Alcohol and Other Drugs – Substance Use by Canadian Youth, 2007
FNIHB Alberta Region Health Assessment and Surveillance Mortality Database
FNIHB Living Environment Working Group, Office of Community Medicine, What Does it take to Build and Maintain Healthy Homes on Reserve?, Health Canada, 2006.
• Health Protection in-house statistics, FNIH – Alberta Region, Health Canada
• Health Protection notifiable disease database, FNIH – Alberta Region, Health Canada
• Healthy Canadians – A Federal Report on Comparable Health Indicators 2004, Health Canada
• Report to Alberta First Nations, Injury-Related Mortality 1990-1999, First Nations & Inuit Health (Alberta), Health Canada

Indian and Northern Affairs Canada

• Basic Departmental Data, 2004
• Community Well-Being: A Comparable Communities Analysis, 2007
• Community Well-Being Index (CWB) Database, 2001
• Comparison of Socio-Economic Conditions, 1996 and 2001, Indian and Northern Affairs Canada First Nations in Alberta, 1998
• First Nation Profiles, Indian and Northern Affairs Canada website
• Frequently Asked Questions Measuring First Nations Well-Being, 2004 Guimond, E. and Robitaille, N. “Aboriginal Populations in Canadian Cities: What’s Behind the Spectacular Growth?”, Strength in Numbers Conference, hosted by Statistics Canada, 2008
• Historical Trends – Registered Indian Population, Alberta Region 1982-2005, First Nations and Northern Statistics Section
• Indian Registry, Indian and Northern Affairs Canada
• Internal data, Indian and Northern Affairs Canada
• Measuring First Nations Well-Being, 2004
• Measuring the Well-Being of Aboriginal People: An Application of the United Nations’ Human development index to Registered Indians in Canada, 1981-2001, 2004
• Measuring Well-Being in First Nations Communities: The Community Well-Being Index, 2004
• The First Nations Community Well-Being Index (CWB): A Conceptual Review, 2005
• Steffler, J., “Registered Indian Population, Household and Family Projections, 2004-2029”, Strength in Numbers Conference, hosted by Statistics Canada

International Sources

• Closing the gap in a generation: Health inequity through action on the social determinants of health, Commission on Social Determinants of Health, World Health Organization, 2008
• Prime Minister’s Annual Statement to Parliament on Closing the Gap, Closing the Gap on Indigenous Disadvantage: The Challenge for Australia, Australia, 2009
• United Nations Development Programme website
• World Health Organization website

Policy Research Initiative

• Hope or Heartbreak: Aboriginal Youth and Canada’s Future, Horizons, Policy Research Initiative
• Guimond, E. “Fuzzy Definitions and Population Explosion: Changing Identities of Aboriginal Groups in Canada”, Not Strangers in These Parts: Urban Aboriginal Peoples, Policy Research Initiative, 2003

Public Health Agency of Canada

• Public Health Agency of Canada website
• The Chief Public Health Officer’s Report on the State of Public Health in Canada 2008 – Addressing Health Inequalities, Public Health Agency of Canada, 2008

National Aboriginal Health Organization

• What First Nations People Think about their Health and Health Care, 2003


• First Nations and Métis Education portion, Ministry of Education, Government of Saskatchewan website Statistics Canada
• 2001 Community Profiles, Statistics Canada website, 2007
• 2003 Canadian Community Health Survey aged 12 and over, Statistics Canada website
• 2006 Census Aboriginal Data Highlights, Presentation
to FNIH Regional Management Committee, Statistics Canada, May 2008
• Aboriginal Identity, Age Groups, Area of Residence, Sex and Selected Demographic, Cultural, Labour Force, Educational and Income Characteristics, for the Total Population of Canada, Provinces and Territories, 2006 (Census), Statistics Canada
• Aboriginal Identity, Condition of Dwelling, Number of Persons per Room, Age Groups, Sex and Area of Residence for the Population in private Households of Canada, Provinces and Territories, 2006 Census – 20% Sample Data (table). Topic-based tabulation. 2006 Census of Population. Statistics Canada catalogue no. 97-558- XCB2006022. Ottawa. Released January 2008.
• Aboriginal Identity, Highest Certificate, Diploma or Degree, Major Field of Study – Classification of Instructional Programs, 2000, Area of Residence, Age Groups and Sex for the Population 15 Years and Over of Canada, Provinces and Territories, 2006 Census, Statistics Canada, 2008
• Aboriginal Peoples in Canada in 2006: Inuit, Métis and First Nations, 2006 Census, catalogue no. 97-558-XIE, Statistics Canada, 2008
• Alberta (table). 2006 Community Profiles. 2006 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 92-591-XWE. Ottawa. Statistics Canada 2007.
• Bushnick, T., and Garner, R., “The Children of Older First-time Mothers in Canada: Their Health and Development”, Children and Youth Research Paper Series, Statistics Canada, catalogue no. 89-599-M,
no. 005, 2008 • Canadian Demographics at a Glance, Catalogue no. 91-0003-X, Statistics Canada, 2008 Custom tables, 2006 Census, Statistics Canada
• Frequency of drinking 5 or more drinks in one occasion in the last 12 months by sex, household population aged 12 and over who are current drinkers, Canada and the provinces, 1998-1999, Statistics Canada website
• Health-Adjusted Life Expectancy, at Birth and at Age 65, by Sex and Income Group, Canada and provinces”, Statistics Canada, 2001
• Health of Canadians Living in Census Metropolitan Areas, Statistics Canada, 2004
• Highest level of education achieved
• Household size, by province and territory (2006 Census), Statistics Canada website
• Health Reports: How Healthy Are Canadians? 2002 Annual Report, catalogue no. 82-003-SIE, Statistics Canada
• Labour Force, Employed and Unemployed, Numbers and Rates, by Province, Statistics Canada website
• Literacy Profile of Off-Reserve First Nations and Métis People Living in Urban Manitoba and Saskatchewan: Results from the International Adult literacy and Skills Survey, 2007
• Luong, M. “Life after Teenage Motherhood”, Perspectives on Labour and Income, Statistics Canada, catalogue no. 75-001-X, vol. 9, no. 5, May 2008
• Median Total Income by Family Type, by Province and Territory, Statistics Canada website
• Occupied private dwellings by period of construction and condition of dwelling, by province and territory (2006 Census), Statistics Canada website
• Population by province and territory, Statistics Canada website
• Population Urban and Rural by Province and Territory (Alberta), Statistics Canada website, 2005
• Self-rated health, by sex household population aged 12 and over, Statistics Canada, catalogue no. 82-221-XIE, May 2002
• Smoking status by sex household population aged 12 and over, Canada and provinces, 1998-1999, Statistics Canada website
• Zuchewich, N., “Aboriginal Children and Youth in Alberta”, Strength in Numbers Conference hosted by Statistics Canada


• Amato, P.R., “The Impact of Family Formation Change on the Cognitive, Social, and Emotional Well-Being of the Next Generation”, The Future of Children, vol. 15, no. 2, Fall 2005
• DeWit, DJ et al. “Age at First Alcohol Use: A Risk Factor for the Development of Alcohol Disorders”, American Journal of Psychiatry, May 2000
• DiFranza, J.R., Aligne, C.A., Weitzman, M., “Prenatal and Postnatal Environmental Tobacco Smoke Exposure and Children’s Health”, Pediatrics, vol. 113, no. 4, April 2004
• First International Conference on Health Promotion, “Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion”, 1986
• Pitkanen, T. et al. “Age of Onset of Drinking and the Use of Alcohol in Adulthood: A Follow-Up Study from Age 8-42 for Females and Males”, Addiction, Society for the Study of Addiction, 2005
• Raphael, D. (editor), “Social Determinants of Health: Canadian Perspectives”, Canadian Scholars’ Press Inc., 2004
• Resnick, M.D., Harris, L.J., Blum, W. “The Impact of Caring and Connectedness on Adolescent Health and Well-Being”, Journal Paediatric Child Health, 1993, 29, Suppl. 1, S3-S9
• Richards, J., Closing the Aboriginal / non-Aboriginal Education Gaps, CD Howe Institute, October 2008
• Rothe, P. et al. “A Qualitative Inquiry into Drinking and Driving among Alberta’s First Nations Post-Secondary Youth Aged 18-29”, Alberta Centre for Injury Control and Research, 2004
• Thatcher, R.W., Fighting Firewater Fictions: Moving Beyond the Disease Model of Alcoholism in First Nations, 2004
• The Well-Being of Canada’s Young Children, Government of Canada Report, 2008
• Vineis, P. et al. “Tobacco and Cancer: Recent Epidemiological Evidence”, Journal of the National Cancer Institute, vol. 96, no. 2, January 21, 2004