Housing is a major contributor to health status. Poor housing conditions are associated with a number of health conditions, including respiratory illness, communicable diseases, mental health problems and injuries. This section provides information on two key indicators—crowded housing and dwellings requiring major repairs.
Throughout this document, the use of different data sources has usually resulted in creating a more complete picture as each source of data tends to complement the other, however, this is not the case with housing. Although, different data sources were identified, the results were not comparable and often contradictory. Therefore, as the data from the 2006 Census provide information for most communities, this document simply reports these findings.
42FNIHB Living Environment Working Group, Office of Community Medicine, What Does it take to Build and Maintain Healthy Homes on Reserve?, Health Canada, 2006.
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Statistics Canada defines crowded housing as the proportion of persons living in homes with more than one person per room43. The number of rooms is calculated by counting the kitchen, bedrooms, living room and finished basement rooms but excluding bathrooms, halls, laundry room and attached sheds. Therefore, a typical three-bedroom ... View Full Story »
Dwellings Requiring Major Repairs
The second key housing indicator is “dwellings requiring major repairs”, which is defined as repairs of defective plumbing or electrical wiring and/or structural repairs to walls, floors or ceilings. Figure 66 shows the percentage of people living in houses requiring major repairs. The graph shows significant differences between ... View Full Story »