Dwellings Requiring Major Repairs
The second key housing indicator is “dwellings requiring major repairs”, which is defined as repairs of defective plumbing or electrical wiring and/or structural repairs to walls, floors or ceilings.
Figure 66 shows the percentage of people living in houses requiring major repairs. The graph shows significant differences between First Nations and non-Aboriginal people in both Alberta and Canada. Just over one in 20 non-Aboriginal individuals in Alberta (six per cent) and Canada (seven per cent) live in houses requiring major repairs compared to well-over one in four for First Nations in Alberta (30.6 per cent) and in Canada (28.6 per cent).
Housing conditions for First Nations are much poorer than for other Albertans and Canadians, although the issues vary considerably across communities.
Figures 67 to 69 examine the proportion of houses requiring major repairs by Treaty Area. Figure 65 shows significant variations across First Nations communities in Treaty 6, ranging from 38.9 per cent of houses in Sunchild to 81.3 per cent in Alexis.
Figure 68 provides the proportion of dwellings requiring major repairs for the Treaty 7 communities. The results range from 35.1 per cent in Siksika to 76.9 per cent in Eden Valley.
Figure 69 shows that significant variations exist between Treaty 8 communities as it ranges from 19 per cent in Loon River to 58.3 per cent in Fort McMurray.
44Aboriginal peoples in Canada in 2006: Inuit, Métis and First Nations, catalogue no. 97-558-XIE , 2006 Census, Statistics Canada, 2008