Labour Force Activity

While the previous section provides information on income as a health determinant, this section seeks to better understand one of the key components of income–employment. As such, this section considers the following indicators:

  • Labour force participation rate: The proportion of people between the ages of 15 and 64 who are employed, are expecting to begin work in the next four weeks, are on temporary lay-off and expected to return to their job, or are actively looking for work as a percentage of the population in that age group.
  • Unemployment rate: The proportion of people between the ages of 15 and 64 who are not working and are expecting to begin work in the next four weeks, are on temporary lay-off and expected to return to their job, or who are actively looking for work as a percentage of the labour force.
  • Employment rate: The proportion of people between the ages of 15 and 64 who are currently working as a percentage of the total population in this age group.

In this story...

  • Participation Rate

    In May 2006, the Alberta economy was extremely strong as indicated by most formal indicators (e.g., higher participation and employment rates, lower unemployment rate). Informal signs of a “hot” economy were evident as job posters and billboards were highly visible, signing bonuses were marketed for a variety of positions ... View Full Story »

    Participation Rate in Alberta and Canada Population 15-64 years of age (2006)
  • Unemployment Rate

    While there is a gap in terms of labour force participation between First Nations and non-Aboriginal people, a more significant gap exists when examining unemployment rates. The unemployment rate represents the proportion of people between the ages of 15 and 64 who are actively looking for work or have been ... View Full Story »

    Unemployment Rate in Alberta and Canada Population 15 - 64 years of age (2006)
  • Employment Rate

    Among labour force activity data, the employment rate is probably one of the more concrete indicators is it measures the proportion of people between the ages of 15 and 64 who are currently working. Figure 58 shows the employment rate for First Nations and non-Aboriginal individuals in Alberta and Canada ... View Full Story »

    Employment Rate for First Nations and non-Aboriginal People in Alberta and Canada Population 15-64 years of age (2006)
  • Labour Force: A National Perspective

    The previous sections examined the labour force activity for First Nations in Alberta comparing the rates between First Nations and non-Aboriginal populations as well as between First Nations communities. Figure 60 examines the data from a national perspective for First Nations, providing data for Canada and all the provinces. In ... View Full Story »

    Labour Force Activity for First Nations (2006)
  • Employment and Education

    Figure 61 demonstrates the close relationships between employment rate and education: The employment rate rises significantly with higher levels of education. With an increasing level of education, differences in employment rate diminish between First Nations and non-Aboriginal peoples. For individuals with post-secondary education, the employment rates are virtually identical. Figure ... View Full Story »

    Employment Rate for 15-64 Years Old Population by Educational Certification and Identity, Alberta (2006)