Glossary

Aboriginal Identity

Refers to the persons who reported identifying with at least one Aboriginal group, for example, North American Indian, Métis or Inuit, and/or those who reported being a Treaty Indian or a Registered Indian as defined by the Indian Act of Canada and/or who were members of an Indian Band or First Nation. In 1991 and previous censuses, Aboriginal persons were determined using the ethnic original question (ancestry). The 1996 and 2001 censuses included a question on the individual’s own perception of his/her Aboriginal identity.

Source: Community profiles, Statistics Canada

Body Mass Index (BMI)

The BMI is based on self-reported height and weight and calculated for persons 18 years of age and over, excluding pregnant women. Due to different rates of growth for individuals under 18 years of age, the standard BMI is not considered a suitable indicator for this group. BMI is calculated as weight (in kilograms) divided by height (in metres) squared, that is: BMI = Weight (kg) / Height (m^2^)

Source: Healthy Canadians: A Federal Report on Comparable Health Indicators 2004, Health Canada.

Children in Care

The number of children who were placed away from parental care to protect them from neglect and/or abuse, or to prevent neglect and/or abuse. The children were placed either in foster care, group homes or institutional care.

Source: Basic Departmental Data, 2004, INAC

Community Well-Being Index

The Community Well-Being Index (CWB) is a product of Indian and Northern Affairs Canada’s Strategic Research and Analysis Directorate. It was derived from the 2001 Census and is a means of measuring wellbeing in Canadian communities. It combines indicators of income, education, labour force activity and housing conditions into a single number––the CWB score. The CWB scores may fall anywhere between zero and 100, with 100 being the highest. A score was generated for each community that participated in the 2001 Census, allowing an at-a-glance look at the relative well-being of those communities. Note that scores are not reported for communities with fewer than 65 inhabitants or those with data quality issues.

Source: Community profiles, Statistics Canada

Condition of Dwelling

Condition of dwelling refers to whether, in the judgment of the respondent, the dwelling requires any repairs (excluding desirable remodelling or additions). Regular maintenance refers to painting, furnace cleaning, etc. Minor repairs refer to the repair of missing or loose floor tiles, bricks or shingles, defective steps, railing or siding, etc. Major repairs refer to the repair of defective plumbing or electrical wiring, structural repairs to walls, floors or ceilings, etc.

Source: Aboriginal peoples in Canada in 2006: Inuit, Métis and First Nations, 2006 Census, Statistics Canada

Crowded Housing

Crowded housing is defined as more than one person per room (not counted as rooms are bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes).

Source: Aboriginal peoples in Canada in 2006: Inuit, Métis and First Nations,2006 Census, Statistics Canada Glossary Determinants of Health for First Nations – 2009 59

Crown Lands

Land where title is held by her majesty (the Crown), but has not been officially set aside for the use and benefit of a band (or bands).

Source: A Statistical Profile on the Health of First Nations in Canada: Determinants of Health, 1999 to 2003, Health Canada

Dwellings

Defined as self-contained living accommodations (with at least one separate bedroom), and considered to be a main residence, irrespective of occupancy, level of completeness, or need for renovation or replacement.

Source: Basic Departmental Data, 2004, INAC

Employment Rate

Refers to the number of persons employed in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to the survey, expressed as a percentage of the total population 15 years of age and over.

ER = (Number of employed individuals / Population 15 years of age and over) x 100

Source: Community profiles, Statistics Canada

Health Adjusted Life Expectancy (HALE)

HALE is an indicator of overall population health. It represents the number of expected years of life equivalent to years lived in good health, based on the average experience in a population. Trends in HALE should be examined in conjunction with trends in life expectancy.

Source: Healthy Canadians: A Federal Report on Comparable Health Indicators 2004, Health Canada.

Heavy Drinking

Heavy drinking is measured by the number of times an individual stated having consumed five or more alcoholic drinks on one occasion once a month or more in the previous year.

Source: Health Reports: How Healthy Are Canadians? 2002 Annual Report, catalogue no. 82-003-SIE, Statistics Canada

Income Assistance Beneficiaries

Income support beneficiaries are defined as the combined total of the number of persons in a family and single individuals.

Source: Basic Departmental Data, 2004, Indian and Northern Affairs Canada

Income Assistance Recipients

Income support recipients are defined as the combined total of the number of families (heads of household) and single individuals who are eligible to receive income support funding.

Source: Basic Departmental Data, 2004, Indian and Northern Affairs Canada

Income Support Dependency Rate

The number of income support beneficiaries divided by the total population in a given area whether community, Treaty area or province.

Source: Indian and Northern Affairs Canada

Labour Force

Refers to persons who were either employed or unemployed during the week prior to the survey. Employed are persons who during the reference week:

  • Did any work at all for pay or in self-employment or without pay in a family farm, business or professional practice
  • Were absent from their job or business, with or without pay, for the entire week of because of a vacation, an illness, a labour dispute at their place of work or any other reasons

Unemployed are persons who, during the reference week were without paid work or without self-employment work and were available for work and either:

  • Had actively looked for paid work in the past four weeks
  • Were on temporary lay-off and expected to return to their job
  • Had definite arrangements to start a new job in four weeks or less

Source: Community profiles, Statistics Canada

Median

The middle value of a series of values arranged in order of size.

Source: The Concise Oxford Dictionary, Ninth Edition

Participation Rate

Refers to the labour force in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to the survey, expressed as a percentage of the population 15 years of age and over.

PR = Labour Force (employed + unemployed) x 100 / Population 15 years of age and over

Source: Community profiles, Statistics Canada

Population health

Population health is an approach to health that aims to improve the health of the entire population and to reduce health inequities among population groups. In order to reach these objectives, it looks and acts upon the broad range of factors and conditions that have a strong influence on our health.

Source: Public Health Agency of Canada, website

Total Fertility Rate

Total Fertility rate is the expected total number of children that a woman will have. The Total Fertility Rate assumes that women will survive at least until the end of the childbearing age group and that they will bear children according to the prevailing age-specific rates as they progress through their childbearing years.

Source: Comparison of Socio-Economic Condition, 1996 and 2001, Indian and Northern Affairs Canada

Unemployment Rate

Refers to the unemployed expressed as a percentage of the population 15 years of age and over.

UR = Number of unemployed x 100 / Labour Force

Source: Community profiles, Statistics Canada