Vital Statistics

This section seeks to provide vital statistics for First Nations and Canadians by sharing information on a few key indicators including life expectancy at birth, health adjusted life expectancy and infant mortality rates.

In this story...

  • Life Expectancy at Birth

    Life expectancy at birth is an internationally recognized indicator for the health of a population. Figure 9 shows significant variations across countries, Canadian provinces, urban centres in Canada and neighbourhoods in Montréal, where the life expectancy gap at birth is 13 years. In all cases, life expectancy relates to some ... View Full Story »

    Life Expectancy at Birth for Men Living in Various Settings
  • Health Adjusted Life Expectancy

    Health Adjusted Life Expectancy (HALE) is a relatively new indicator that represents the number of expected years of life equivalent to years lived in full health based on the average experience in a population. Therefore, HALE is not only a measure of quantity of life but also a measure of ... View Full Story »

    Health Adjusted Life Expectancy by Income Group for Albertans (2001)
  • Causes of Death

    Figure 10 demonstrated that First Nations have lower life expectancy than other Canadians. Figures 12 and 13 examine the leading causes of death for Canadians and First Nations in Alberta. Significant differences are highlighted, they are as follows: Seventy-eight per cent of Canadians who passed away in 2004 were over ... View Full Story »

    Mortality by Select Causes and Ages 0-19, Canada 2004
  • Infant Mortality Rate

    Infant mortality rate refers to the number of infants who die in the first year of life per 1,000 births13. It is also an internationally recognized health indicator as it is often used as a measure of a country’s health or development14. Canada’s infant mortality rate is ... View Full Story »

    Infant Mortality Rate in Alberta and Canada (1979 - 2003)
  • Birth Weight

    Figure 15 shows that the majority of First Nations babies born in Alberta have a healthy weight (76 per cent). Cause for concern, however, is the fact that 18 per cent of First Nations babies born in Alberta have a high birth weight16. Low birth weight may be the result ... View Full Story »

    Birth Weight as a Percentage of Total Live Births for First Nations in Alberta (200-2003)