Causes of Death

Figure 10 demonstrated that First Nations have lower life expectancy than other Canadians. Figures 12 and 13 examine the leading causes of death for Canadians and First Nations in Alberta. Significant differences are highlighted, they are as follows:

  • Seventy-eight per cent of Canadians who passed away in 2004 were over the age of 65, but only 34 per cent of the First Nations individuals who passed away in Alberta in 2003 were in that age group.
  • The 0 to 19 age groups accounted for only two per cent of all Canadian deaths in 2004 but represented seven per cent of First Nations deaths in Alberta; while most Canadian deaths were due to perinatal conditions and congenital anomalies, 44 per cent of the First Nations deaths were linked to injuries.
  • The 20 to 44 age group represented four per cent of all Canadian deaths but accounted for more than a third of the First Nations deaths in Alberta (34 per cent). The leading cause of death for both
Canadians and First Nations in Alberta was injuries and poisonings. A much higher proportion of First Nations deaths (66 per cent) were attributed to injuries and poisonings than for the Canadian population (45 per cent).
  • Canadians aged 45 to 64 years of age accounted for 16 per cent of all deaths in 2004 but represented 26 per cent of First Nations deaths in Alberta in 2003; once again, the proportion of deaths related to injuries and poisonings was much higher for First Nations (27 per cent) than for Canadians (nine per cent).
Figure 12-1: Mortality by Select Causes and Ages 0-19, Canada 2004
Figure 12-2: Mortality by Select Causes and Ages 20-44, Canada 2004
Figure 12-3: Mortality by Select Causes and Ages 45-64, Canada 2004
Figure 12-4: Mortality by Select Causes and Ages 65+, Canada 2004
Figure 13-1: Mortality by Select Causes Ages 0-19, First Nations in Alberta (2003)
Figure 13-2: Mortality by Select Causes Ages 20-44, First Nations in Alberta (2003)
Figure 13-3: Mortality by Select Causes Ages 45-64, First Nations in Alberta (2003)
Figure 13-4: Mortality by Select Causes Ages 65+, First Nations in Alberta (2003)