First Nations Population

The Data Sources and Limitations section outlines some of the limitations in using different datasets. These limitations are amplified when asking the following question: How many First Nations call Alberta home?

Three data sources use different methods:

  • In its 2006 Census, Statistics Canada states that 91,400 individuals in Alberta identified themselves as North American Indian and 169,355 individuals indicated having North American Indian ancestry. The 2006 Census also indicates that 14 per cent of First Nations living in Canada are living in Alberta.
  • As of December 31, 2008, Indian and Northern Affairs Canada indicates that 103,441 First Nations individuals were registered with bands in Alberta. Being registered to a band in Alberta does not automatically mean Alberta residency and many First Nations living in Alberta may not be registered with Alberta bands.
  • Until January 1, 2009, Health Canada paid the health care premiums for all First Nations living in Alberta. The province invoiced the federal government for approximately 125,000 individuals.

In this story...

  • Demographics

    This section marks the beginning of the comparative work in this report as it examines the population pyramids for the First Nations and Alberta populations and illustrates the significant differences between the population distribution of First Nations registered to bands in Alberta (3.3 per cent of the total Alberta ... View Full Story »

  • Population Growth

    Indian and Northern Affairs Canada (INAC) has developed projection models for the population growth of registered Indians. It forecasts that the number of registered Indians in Canada will grow from 764,300 in 2004 to 1,069,600 in 202966. Figure 6 illustrates INAC’s projections for the Canadian registered ... View Full Story »

    Registered First Nations Population Alberta Region (1982-2007)